Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Rich Countries, but Poor Elders

Old and poor, credit to Mayores Saludables

Number of poor elders is growing worldwide, and surprisingly, the richest countries have poor older people more and more recently.

5 rich countries as examples of older people face getting poorer are following:

1.USA
Main cause of poorer elders in America is medical costs. Almost one fourth of elders face financial problems to cover their health care. This condition is bad compared to other countries such as Canada, Germany, France and Sweden

2.United Kingdom
Around 16% (1 in 6) older people in UK are under poverty line. In term of number, there are at least 1.9 million older people are poor. It is because changes in government welfare policies that in-friendly toward elders.

3. Japan
It is because aging population grow so fast, even fastest compared to other industry countries. Unfortunately, 1 in 4 elders convicted crime due to poverty, it is called as “silver crime wave.”

4. Australia
30% of elders is poor in Australia due to increasing of living cost. The government allocated 3.5% of budget to pensioner, much less than other developed nations.

5. New Zealand
Almost the same with Australia, the high of property price reduces ownership for elders. The old people are struggling to pay their rent and fulfill their living cost.

# Source of this post is Age International UK study.

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Thursday, January 24, 2019

5G Generation of Internet Speed is Coming Soon

5G connection, credit to MakeUseOf

Current broadband 4G internet will soon be replaced by “Gigabit LTE” with better performance. Cost is expected to be reduced, but speed is increased to be more than 999 Mbps. It is great improvement compared to USA national averages speed that are 64 Mbps for portable computer and 23 Mbps for mobile smart phones.

Gigabit LTE technology is a kind of transition to 5G. The advantages of this technology are in term of performance, cost effectiveness, flexibility and reliability. Its will connect people, things and places (any corners of the world) for 24 hours and 7 days.

Last year, an American company, Verizon introduced 5G like version of technology. The real 5 G technology will be sold as soon as next year, 2020 by several companies such as AT & T, Sprint and Verizon.

Actually, technology is still in development process, may not available for mobile smart phones and cellular devices at the first stage.

5G will be faster up to 100 times compared to 4G, thus data could be transfered at the rate of super fast. Relatively comfort to download websites and songs. Improvement of virtual reality, make playing game and watching TV much more attractive.

Are you ready for new technology?

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Thursday, January 17, 2019

Almost Extinct Frog “Searched” a Mate Through Online

Male (left) and Female (right), credit to Helen Briggs

Water frog with scientific name (Telmatobius yuracare) is endemic to Bolivia and believed to be near extinct. Factors such as diseases, habitat destruction and climate changes lead to declining of frog population.

Bolivian natural history museum kept frog, namely Romeo in an aquarium for 10 years without mates and even friends. Last year, the scientists set up profile of Romeo to find a mate through online.

World wide communities responded by sponsoring efforts to find a real mate in nature. Recently, conservationists found the mate, namely Juliet in the Bolivia’s remote jungle. Unfortunately, Romeo still shy, while pretty Juliet with beautiful eyes is an active frog.

Hope, the frogs will have their first dating in this year, 2019 valentine day. Reproduction is important to save their own species from extinction.

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Monday, January 14, 2019

Houses with Price of One Dollar?

House for US Dollar one, credit to Aria Bendix

Yes, you could have a house with one of US dollar equal to value of 0.87 Euro. Why so cheap? It is because a lot of houses are abandoned by their owners. The city of Gary, Indiana decreased their population from 178 thousand in1960 to 76 thousand currently, decrease more than a half.

More than 30% of houses no ownership, thus the city tried to sell the empty houses with a single dollar only.

Gary city, Indiana is not far from busy city of 2.7 million population, Chicago, Illinois. Driving will takes around 30 minutes or US$ 5 for one way bus ticket.

The city seems don’t get profit for selling abandoned houses, the main purposes is to attract new residents to make city more prosperous. Neighborhoods will sustainable with new business development.

New resident no need to pay expensive mortgages like in many US cities, but they need to pay utilities and taxes. Revenue could be used to pay city debt of US$100 million.

However, US$1 houses are not ready to move in, you need to repair them. Repairment cost much cheaper than buy new houses.

Do you excite to buy one?

Friday, January 11, 2019

Can Your Dog Get Depressed?

Depressed dog, credit to Sarah Knapton

Can Your Dog Get Depression? The answer is yes. Like human beings, dog may get depressed as well. Clear signs of depressed dogs are (Mitrokostas, 2018) :
- changes in sleep patterns than usual
- no appetite to eat
- withdrawn behaviors
- licking and chewing a lot
- less wagging the tail

Knapton (2017) adds that common symptoms of depresion are “being less playful, followed by being less sociable with people, restlessness, decreased appetite, and interacting less with other dogs.”

The question then, what cause dogs depression? The main factor is that disruption of their routines or major changes in their daily activities. The disruptions or major changes may lead to their mood problems.

Some disruptions or major changes that may cause dog depressed are:
- change ownership
- long period of enclosure
- changes in daily rules

How to overcome your depressed dogs? Some experts suggested to make your dogs as comfortable and healthy as possible. Your friendly attitudes and an extra attention will help too. Just simple!

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References
Knapton, S. 2017. How to spot if your dog is depressed, and what you can do about it. The Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/ science/2017/07/20/spot-dog-depressed-can-do/

Mitrokostas, S. 2018. Signs your dog might be depressed, according to an expert. Retrieved from https://www.msn.com

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Formal Elements of the Painting

The Starry Night (Source: Puchko, 2015)

          One of my favorite work of art is painting. There are two basic forms of styles in painting, they are representational and abstract. Three well known representations are realism, naturalism and illusionism. Then, generally speaking, there are two abstracts style that are non-representational and expressionism.
          I interested with Vincent van Gogh works of art. As mentioned by Artble (2016) that Vincent van Gogh was famed for his bold, dramatic brush strokes which expressed emotion and added a feeling of movement to his works
          Then, his paintings style may be included as one of the post-impressionist paintings. It is branch of representational style. This style is rejecting to depict observed world, but the world is depicted based on memories and emotions in order to connect with the viewers on a deeper level.
          One of Van Gogh famous painting is “the starry night”. Please see at above. Visual qualities make this item (The Starry Night) my favorite is that this painting portray a beauty of nature in different way or unusual manner. Painting looks realistic but not actually realistic at the same time. This is an example of post-impressionist paintings. Yellow is dominant, even at night. In addition, there are plenty of “halos” made me curious.
          Finally, as described by Puchko (2015) that village in “the starry night” cannot be seen from window of Van Gogh during his live in Saint-Paul Asylum, Saint-Rémy, France. The village might be “creative village” only, based on his memory of his homeland, the Netherland.


References
Artble. 2016. Vincent Van Gogh Style and Technique. Retrieved from    http://www.artble.com/artists/vincent_van_gogh/more_information/style_and_technique
Puchko, K. 2015. 11 Things You Didn't Know About 'The Starry Night'. Retrieved from        http://mentalfloss.com/article/62621/11-things-you-didnt-know-about-starry-night


Sunday, December 16, 2018

The Different Between Stonefish and Japanese Fugu

Stonefish (left) and Japanese fugu (right)

At my previous article (Stonefish: Venomous Spikes, but Delicious Meat), some friends confused between two venomous fishes, stonefish and Japanese fugu. Sure, they have different scientific names, organs source of poisonous and the way of handling their poisonous.

Scientific genus for stonefish is Synanceia, while famous genus of Japanese fugu is Takifugu. The most poisonous and prestigious fugu called torafugu translated to tiger blowfish in English.

Spikes, 13 spikes are venomous parts of stonefish; thus, sting is the way of poison to penetrate human body. Japanese fugu has a liver as the most poisonous organ, and there are some other venomous parts as well, include skin, ovaries and eyes.  

Certificate to sell and buy of Japanese fugu, credit to Natrainner

Toxic for Stonefish is Verrucotoxin, whereas Tetrodotoxin is poison for Japanese fugu. Tetrodotoxin is more dangerous than cyanide, measured by 1200 times deadly compared to cyanide. Exposure to Tetrodotoxin by “a pinhead” could kill an adult in hours.

Handling of both stonefish and Japanese fugu needs the special chef. Since the most dangerous, it is tough to get license to sell and buy Japanese fugu. Like going to college, training is rigorous and could be 4 years. Long hours of training, but not everybody will pass and get certificate.

In term of price, stonefish price is US$30 per-kg (US$15 per-pound) in the American grocery. I don’t know any restaurants offer stonefish dishes. As far as I remember, Japanese fugu dish is 5 thousand yen (US$45). 

However, through Google searching, the price of Japanese fugu dishes could range as cheap as US$9 to as expensive as US$200.

I love many Japanese foods such as Sushi, Onigiri, Okonomiyaki, Kare raisu, Ramen, Yakitori and Udon. But not fan of poisonous Puffer fish or Stonefish, and not raw fish. 

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